How to Plan an Irrigation System for Home Gardens

Benefits of Irrigation Systems

Irrigation systems are very beneficial to homeowners in many ways. The system will save you time, money and be more efficient than nature. Plants do not get the proper amount of water from nature alone. They need the help of a well-planned irrigation system to;


  • Regularly provides the necessary water for your bushes and plants
  • Keeps your landscape healthy
  • Waters your garden even on holidays
  • Saves up to 80 percent of water, when not using a hose pipe

Irrigation systems will also give the homeowner more free time for relaxation, friends and the family.

There are pop-up sprinklers for lawns, sprays, micro jets and mini sprinklers for large plants, and drip systems to irrigate precise plants in containers or around borders. The simple network of piping and outlets are all hidden throughout the garden underground.

Automatic irrigation systems can also use rainwater to keep your garden healthy. Your water bills can be reduced by recycling water that you normally let go down the drain. A rainwater harvester or butts along with a 12 volt water pump connected to your system, will save you a lot of time and money on your water bill.

Types of Irrigation System

Irrigation System for Home Gardens


The pop-up types of irrigation system seem to be the most popular systems amongst homeowners. All the sprinklers and piping are buried underground. They are out of view until it is time for the sprinklers to water the landscape and plants. The sprinklers then pop up and do the watering and then pop back down in place.

Micro Jet and Spray Systems

Customizing the micro jet spray system is quick and easy to do. The sprays and microjets are pre-assembled and are already on stakes with micro tubes. This system is popular because it gives your garden a good soaking spray just like a steady rain.

Soaker Hose Systems

A soaker hose system comes in different lengths. You can buy the porous pipe or leaky pipe in 13mm diameter, 50m max lengths and a 4mm diameter which is perfect for containers. All that needs to be done is to roll out the soaker hose, and put the stakes in place before connecting to a water source.

Mini Sprinkler Systems

The mini sprinkler system is used for covering plantation size areas quickly. Instead of giving a fine spray, this system throws out large water droplets that do not evaporate quickly. Easy to install, the mini system is used for vegetable patches, nurseries, large flower beds and greenhouses.

How Does Drip Irrigation Help in Conserving Water?

This is the most efficient of the watering systems. It was designed to give the roots of the plants water. The drip system is best used for;

  • plants in containers
  • vegetable gardens
  • flower beds
  • greenhouses
  • hanging baskets
  • and borders

The drip irrigation system carries the water through pipes in the ground with drip emitters that releases the water slowly. The emitters are placed close to the roots of the plants. This eliminates water waste and you have full control of how much water you are using.

How to Install Irrigation System

Unless you have the knowledge and the right tools to install an irrigation system, it would be best to gets 3 estimates for your system. Make sure you tell each company what kind of system you want and what quality. Do not let them talk you into what system they want to install. Plan out your design and give each company a copy so they know how large an area you are considering to irrigate.

Cost to Install Sprinkler System

The cost of installing sprinkler systems will depend on what kind of system you want, what brand you want to use and the size of the area you want to cover. You may need to compare onga pump prices. Estimates can range from $3,500 to $5,000 for an average size yard. It will also depend on;

  • Quality of the sprinkler components
  • Locations of sprinkler heads and how many
  • How intricate your design
  • Slope of your yard
  • Labor and materials, and permits needed

The full cost to install a sprinkler system will depend on if you use a drip system, soaker hose, mini sprinkler, or the pop up system.

Irrigation Supplies

All the irrigation supplies work together to water your lawn. The controller is a small computer that is either installed in the garage or just outside on the wall. It controls the activation of the timing for watering your lawn. The control of the water flow is done by the valves, which are underground and they open and close to release the water into the pipes to the sprinklers. The pipes, that carry the water, are usually polyvinyl chloride, or PVC, and are buried 1-2 feet underground. The sprinkler heads are the final component and pop up to water your yard.